Facial anomaly has a vital impact on both physical and emotional growth of kids. Hence early recognition and fixing of these issues are important aspects of the normal growth of both brain and craniofacial skeleton. Comprehensive management of craniofacial anomalies is one of the best ways to get rid of these disorders and retain a decent life thereafter. These procedures liberate children with cleft lip and palate, head shape disorders, craniosynostosis, hemifacial microsomia and several another facial syndrome.
Types of Cleft and Craniofacial Procedures –
There are several types of Cleft and Craniofacial Procedures, some of the common one are as under:
- Unilateral and Bilateral Cleft Lip
- Cleft Palate
- Surgery for Disorders of Speech
- Secondary Disorders of Cleft lip and Palate
- Speech Therapy
The cleft-craniofacial surgery starts with a proper feeding of the kid along with developing a good rapport with the kid and mother along with educating the family about the treatment, which the child needs to get rid of the disorder. The cleft lip can be both unilateral and bilateral, which is complete when the complete lip & nose is involved. It generally opts when the child is three months and has the appropriate weight. It also helps in correcting the nasal defect by primary/secondary Rhinoplasty.
The cleft palate is owing to a defect in the soft and hard palate, which prevents the child to suck the milk with ease. Such babies with such ailments are taught in order to feed the babies with special feeding bottles or with the help of using a spoon. The surgery is carried out at the age of one and half years while the kid is followed up to judge the speech and render palatal exercises.