Rosacea is a commonly-seen skin disorder that causes redness in the face and makes the facial blood vessels more prominent.
This may often be seen in the form of small reddish pus-filled bumps that are known to fluctuate in severity over a period of months. This condition is often mistaken for another skin problem (such as acne) or an allergic reaction.
Rosacea is a universal skin disorder but middle-ages women with considerably lighter skin tone are known to be more vulnerable to this skin condition. Although there is no cure for rosacea, yet, there are various treatments that can help reduce its signs and symptoms effectively.
Signs and Symptoms of Rosacea
These are the commonly seen symptoms and signs of rosacea:
- Reddish Face – Rosacea normally results in constant reddishness in the facial pallor, especially in the central facial region around the nose. Small blood vessels in the cheek and nose are often visible and swollen.
- Red Swollen Bumps – Many people with rosacea may experience pimples on their faces that are similar to acne. These small bumps may also become filled with pus in some cases as well as making the skin feel tender and hot to touch.
- Eye Problems – Almost half of the people affected with rosacea are likely to develop eye problems, such as reddened and swollen eyelids, along with irritation and general redness in the eyes. In some cases, the signs of the development of rosacea are seen first in the eyes rather than on the face.
- Abnormal Nose Size – In rare cases, rosacea may also result in the thickening of the nose, which gives it a bulbous (rhinophyma) appearance. This is more common in women as compared to men.
Causes of Rosacea
Although the exact cause of the development of rosacea is not yet known there are a number of factors (such as genetic and environmental) that are suspected to cause rosacea in a person. Poor hygiene has not been proven to be the cause of rosacea however there are a number of factors that have been identified as positive triggers for rosacea to start developing in a person.
The most commonly known triggers for rosacea are:
- Alcohol abuse
- Extreme temperatures
- Hit drinks
- Spice diet
- Emotional stress
- Certain cosmetics
- Sunlight or wind
- Medicinal drugs that dilate blood vessels (certain blood pressure medicines)
There are various methods of treatment of rosacea, however all these treatment methods aim to basically control the signs and symptoms. Most often, a combination of these treatment methods is required to treat severe cases of rosacea.
The type of treatment will usually depend on the types and severity of your symptoms.
These are the common treatment methods for rosacea:
There are different types of medications used in the treatment of the signs of rosacea, such as for:
- Decreasing redness – Certain medicinal drugs are designed specifically to effectively reduce redness. It is in the form of a topical gel which is applied over the affected skin. It mainly works to contract the abnormally dilated blood vessels that cause the redness in the facial skin. Results are mostly within the first 12 hours of applying it. As the contraction of the blood vessels is only temporary you will need to take these medications on a regular basis to keep the redness in control.
- Antibiotics – These are administered in the oral form. These are aimed at destroying the bacteria that might be causing the inflammation in the skin.
In case other treatment methods fail to effectively control the signs and symptoms of rosacea there are a number of therapies that can help to do that efficiently.
These are the commonly-used therapies for treatment of rosacea:
- Laser Therapy – Laser therapy is one of the most innovative and efficient forms of treatment methods for rosacea. This helps by contracting the enlarged blood vessels which effectively helps in reducing redness.
- Dermabrasion – This therapy involves gently removing the outer affected skin layer using a technique aimed at rubbing the skin off carefully. This is effective in removing the damaged outer layer of the skin and allows a healthy skin to grow in its place.
- Alternative Medicine – There are a number of alternate medicines that can also help to control the signs and symptoms effectively. Daily gentle facial massage can help decrease inflammation and swelling efficiently.
It is vital to choose the best and most experienced dermatologist in order to ensure that your rosacea treatment is efficient and successful as expected.