Follicular Unit Transplant (or FUT) is a modern treatment for baldness. This is an advanced cosmetic surgical procedure which is useful for transplanting hair follicles from donor area of the scalp into the recipient area (bald region). This is a very precise surgical procedure performed using the most high-tech medical and surgical equipments.
This is a minimally invasive procedure that helps you regain hair growth in balding areas of the head in a natural pattern, with almost no risk of any side-effects.
What is a Follicular Unit?
A follicular unit is the collection of hair (usually 1-4) that grows together in a clump. The hair consists of the stem and the sac-like follicle (root) which is underneath the skin of the head (scalp). This follicle is essential for the hair to gain nutrition for healthy growth and strength.
A person with relatively thinner hair will have usually 1 hair with follicle in the follicular unit, while a person with comparatively denser hair will have around 3-4 hair in a follicular unit, on an average.
The follicular units are very delicate in nature and need to be handled with utmost care during follicular unit transplant (FUT).
How is the FUT (Follicular Unit Transplant) procedure performed?
The main of the FUT procedure is to source healthy hair follicular units from the donor area of the scalp, remove them carefully and transplant them with precision in the recipient site.
Although this is a minimally invasive procedure, due to its intricate nature it cannot be hastened. Hence, the surgeon will most likely administer local anesthesia to numb the donor area in order to avoid pain or discomfort to you during the extraction and transplanting process.
The surgeon will begin the procedure by identifying and marking the best donor site (usually at the back of the head where the hair density is greatest and more prevalent. After marking the area, the surgeon will use a very fine scalpel and start to dissect the upper layer of the scalp, which contains the follicles (root) of the hair in order to remove the complete hair follicular unit without damaging it.
After carefully removing the donor hair follicles, the surgeon will then carefully select the best and strongest hair follicular units from it.
The transplant procedure needs to be very precise, for the hair to grow strong as well as be of the same pattern of the surrounding hair. For this, the surgeon will usually begin by placing single hair follicle units right in the front, on the hairline, and then place 2 hair follicle units together at the area right behind the single hair follicle transplant. This ascending order to hair follicle transplant gives the new hair a completely normal and natural look. Normally, an experienced and skilled cosmetic surgeon can transplant around, 4,000 hairs in a session.
The density of the hair is also maintained by ascending transplant of hair follicle units.
Are there any risks of complications from FUT Hair Transplant procedure?
As almost every surgical procedure carries certain amount of risks, the FUT hair transplant procedure also comes with rare chances of certain complications, such as:
- Slow/poor growth of transplanted hair (due to damage to hair follicles)
- Scarring (noticeable)
- Slow healing of wounds
- Skin pigmentation changes
These are complications that are seen in very rare cases, however, an expert surgeon will take every possible precautionary measure to ensure that these risks are minimized or eliminated all together.
The results of FUT hair transplant performed by expert cosmetic surgeons at Cocoona are simply incomparable with any of the other types of hair restoration techniques, mainly due to the vast experience and the expertise in handling advanced surgical instruments for most effective hair restoration procedures.