Cysts are normally seen as closed capsule-shaped sacs which are abnormally filled with gaseous, semi-solid or liquid material. Cysts can occur in almost all kinds of body tissues. Cysts can also very in size, from microscopically small to large enough in size to displace organs even.
It is important to note that cysts differ from boils and abscess, which are mostly filled with pus.
Types of Cysts
Although there are actually hundreds of different kinds of cysts, majority of the cysts seen developing are benign (non-cancerous) in nature, however a few may be malignant (cancerous) in nature.
Cysts can occur almost anywhere on the body and in almost all types of body tissues so cysts can occur in the outer parts of the body as well as the internal organs and vital soft tissues.
These are the top most commonly seen cysts around the world:
- Epidermoid (sebaceous) Cyst – This is usually seen as an inflammation of the skin in the sebaceous gland filled with a yellowish secretion. These are mostly noticed as the swelling in the skin causes them to grow in size as well as become unsightly and even painful.
- Breast Cyst – This fluid-filled sac is seen developing within the breast tissues. Although they tend to be benign in nature, it is highly advisable to get these checked with an experienced physician or a doctor in case it is another type of harmful cyst.
- Synovial Cyst – This type of cyst is seen developing internally, along the non-elastic soft tissues in the joints of the body.
- Dermoid Cyst – These are also a more common form of cyst. The dermoid cysts are basically abnormal growth which is seen developing with skin, hair follicles and secretion glands.
- Ovarian Cyst – This is another commonly seen cyst. Ovarian cysts are seen as fluid-filled sacs within, or on, the ovary surface. These are also called as ‘adnexal’ cysts.
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) – This is actually an endocrine disorder that results in the ovaries becoming enlarged and a number of fluid-filled cysts are also seen developing inside the ovary.
- Labial Cyst – This is seen as a small fluid-filled sac in the labia.
- Pineal Cyst – This is one of the more dangerous cysts. It occurs in the small penal gland inside at the base of the skull.
- Mucous Cyst – This is mostly seen in infants and small children. These cysts are usually seen as clear fluid-filled sacs, mostly around the mouth, lips and nose, as well as in other parts of the body in rare cases.
- Testicular Cyst – This is one of the more common cysts occurring in men. This cyst grows as a clear fluid-filled sac in the testicles.
- Lumbar Synovial Cyst – This is a very dangerous form of cyst as it develops in the lumbar (upper) region of the spine. As this cyst grows larger, it presses against the spinal cord within the spinal column and you will experience symptoms of spinal stenosis.
- Conjunctival Cyst – This is a rare, but harmful, cyst which is seen developing in the mucus-secreting membranes within the eyes.
Cyst Removal Surgery
The treatment for any type of cyst mainly depends on the cause of the development of the cyst as well as the level of danger the cyst poses to arising complications in the future.
Although most of the cysts are benign and therefore pose no problems, there are certain cysts whose development may cause intense discomfort, pain or restriction of movement. Some of the cysts that are larger in size cannot be treated with the numerous non-surgical methods and require surgical removal.
Some small to medium-sized cysts on the outer parts, and a few inner reaches of the body can be effectively drained of their fluid using a simple syringe with a very fine needle, or a catheter, which also results in the cyst collapsing.
Surgical removal of cysts is required in malignant and discomforting cysts such as ovarian cysts. Today, surgeons use the more advanced and minimally invasive laparoscopic technique in removing the fluid from the sac and deflating the cyst itself. This surgical removal of the cyst is mostly required when the cyst becomes malignant and risks spreading to other parts surrounding the ovary.
Usually, cyst removal surgery is advised for cysts that cause symptoms which can effectively be treated with either draining their fluid and/or removing the cyst completely using surgical methods.
Your doctor, or physician, will be best able to give advice on the ideal treatment for your cyst. If it turns out to be malignant and in need of surgical removal then it is highly advised to choose the surgeon with the most experience and the highest success rate for past cyst removal surgeries that have been completely successfully.